Main Article Content
The methodology for modeling the propagation of accidental releases of radionuclides from a power unit of a nuclear power plant has been developed. The calculation method takes into account the most critical factors propagation cloud - wind direction and speed, the intensity of the release radionuclides change: semi-continuous release, long-term release, instantaneous release. Diffuse processes and the presence of interference in the form of buildings were also taken into account. To solve the modeling equation of the aerodynamic model, the velocity potential equation is solved. The use of this equation instead of the traditional Novier-Stokes equation makes it possible to rationalize the calculation process in terms of the speed obtaining simulated data. To build a numerical model, a rectangular difference grid is used. The velocity potential and the quantities values of volumetric activity are determined at the centers of difference cells. The value of the airflow velocity vector component is determined on the sides of the difference cells. A finite-difference splitting scheme is used for numerical integration of the equation convective-diffusion transfer radionuclides. A computer code was developed on the basis of the constructed numerical model, the programming language Fortran was used. The approach used makes it possible to reduce the time for obtaining one scenario of an accident development. The cloud propagation dynamics determining is carried out almost in real time. This allows you to quickly respond to changing situations and make adequate decisions.
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