Cartographic models of the city of Kharkiv for people with disabilities
Keywords:people with disabilities, cartographic models, ensure freedom without discrimination
The subject of the study is the methodology for constructing thematic cartographic models for analysis and decision-making on the infrastructural situation in settlements regarding its accessibility to people with disabilities. The object of research is the process of creating various types of thematic cartographic models containing specific information about the accessibility of certain territories for people with disabilities. The aim of the work is to increase the mobility of people with disabilities through information support based on relevant cartographic models on the example of the city of Kharkov. Conclusions. The general situation and statistical data on the state of disability of citizens in Ukraine and the EU countries are analyzed. It is determined that in Ukraine more than 2.6 million people have disability status. This is 6.1% of the total population, and these figures are growing annually. Almost 80% of disabled people in Ukraine are people of working age. As of January 1, 2016, the proportion of people with a disability group I was 10.7% (250.3 thousand people), group II - 37.8% (919.0 thousand people), group III - 45.5% (1,291.2 thousand people). The most common diseases that lead to disability are diseases of the circulatory system (24.4%), malignant neoplasms (20%), diseases of the musculoskeletal system (11.1%), eye diseases (3.7%), endocrine diseases , eating disorders and metabolic disorders (4.2%). The main signs of accessibility for disabled people to lead independent lives are analyzed. A review of projects supporting people with disabilities in Ukraine has been completed. As part of the implementation of the Secondary Cities International Project in Kharkiv to protect socially vulnerable segments of the population of Ukraine, a methodology for constructing cartographic models for people with disabilities has been developed and implemented. The proposed methodology provides citizens and the leadership of any administrative territorial units of Ukraine with prospects for providing persons with disabilities with the opportunity to enjoy all constitutional human rights and fundamental freedoms without discrimination.
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